Long haired Newfoundland dog puppy
At the origin of Newfoundland has a lot of unknown. Some experts claim that his ancestors were white great Pyrenees dogs, which were brought to the coast of Newfoundland Basque fishermen. Others say that it comes from the French Hound (probably a boar hound). However, all agree that his homeland of Newfoundland and that the ancestors of the breed, no doubt, were brought there by fishermen from the European continent.
Many old photos depict Newfoundland, very similar to huskies, while the other is for dogs that have similarities with other species. In any case, we have a dog, the most appropriate to the natural conditions of the island.
This is a big dog with the strength and size, which allow you to perform the tasks before it. In Newfoundland’s long hair, which protects it from harsh winters and icy waters surrounding his native island. He has a big, strong, webbed feet that allow easy access across marshy places and soft after the tide shores.
Breeders, admiring physical strength and attractive nature of Newfoundland, and brought him to England, where he began to grow vigorously. Today purebred Newfoundland, even in their native island come from manufacturers who were born in England. They are bred in many countries, including France, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Canada and the United States.
The breed standard was written based on the working dog, namely, the dog feels equally confident in the water and on land. In the literature about the dogs described many cases of water saving Newfoundland men, women and children, stories about what they pull ropes from the ground to the wreck of the ship, and not about so rewarding, but more severe the daily work, when the dogs help their owners- fishermen pulling out of the water network and perform their other job
Newfoundland dog male puppy sitting on the ground
Although Newfoundland - an excellent water dog, at home and in Labrador are, as befits an excellent working dog, and sometimes perform a very different work, such as harness oneself in a truck with a load, or just carry goods for yourself. In order to carry out such work, the Newfoundland must be a large dog – large enough to pull out of the water drowning. He must have strong hind legs and enough light to sail long distances, as well as a thick coat that protects him from the ice would water. In short, the Newfoundland must be strong, muscular and strong, to do the job, which he is rightly famous, smart, loyal and kind, that is to have his most famous dignity. He must be able and willing to help his master not only the team but also to take responsibility when the circumstances so require.
In the United States, where Newfoundland is not so much as keep active working dogs, but as companions, guards and friends, especially appreciated the quality of their breed. Preferred by the large size and strength, which make an excellent guard dog and a bodyguard, in conjunction with the softness of character necessary for this dog-companion. For several generations, Newfoundland has been the traditional protector of children and their playmate. Little childish fingers can not cause him such pain, which has experienced a dog of smaller size, besides, he willingly assumes the role of the nurse without any additional training.
Perhaps the world is no better description of the nature of Newfoundland than in the famous epitaph on a monument on the estate of Lord Byron in Nyustedskom Abbey:
Here lie the remains of
who possessed beauty and nobility,
but no self-esteem,
force, but not arrogance,
courage, not cruelty
and all the virtues of man,
but not its weaknesses.
And this praise, which would become inadvertent flattery
whether it be inscribed over human ashes,
there is only a tribute
born in Newfoundland in May 1803
and died at Newstead, in November 1808
Adult massive Newfoundland dogs sitting on the snow
Newfoundland. Official Standard
Approved May 8, 1990
General view. Newfoundland - a dog with a soft and even-tempered, with versatile working qualities, including a sled dog, on land and in water. The perfect companion. Has a natural desire to save the man.
Newfoundland - a large, perfectly built, muscular and powerful dog with a thick wool and a long, deep body and a massive bone structure. Behaves with dignity, proudly carrying the head.
The following is a description of the ideal of Newfoundland.
Any deviation from this standard should be penalized according to the severity of this deviation. Deficiencies in the structure and motion inherent in all working dogs, as undesirable, as in all other breeds, although in this standard are not particularly specified.
Growth, proportion, composition. Average height at withers: males – 71 cm, females – 66 cm Weight: males – 59 – 68 kg, females – 45 – 54 kg. Males more massive than bitches.
Preferable to large dogs, but in any case not at the expense of harmonious composition, constitution and proper motions.
Hull length, measured from the junction to humeroscapular buttock, slightly longer than the height at the withers, measured from the withers to the ground.
This dog is a strong build, which is determined by the convexity of the ribs, Strength of muscles and massive bone.
The head is massive, broad and slightly convex skull and a pronounced occipital protuberance. Cheeks are well developed. Eyes dark brown; dog brown and gray colors may have lighter eyes (the color of which is a disadvantage only if it alters the expression eye dogs). Eyes relatively small, deeply set, widely spaced. Eyelids lean, tight, not wrapped inside. Ears are relatively small, triangular, with rounded ends. Set high – at or slightly above the superciliary arches – and close to head. Ear, rotated forward, comes to the inner corner of eye. Expression in his eyes soft and reflects the character of the breed – complacency, intelligence and pride. Frons smooth, without wrinkles. Go Stop moderate, but because of the developed superciliary arches when viewed from the side it appears sharply defined. Muzzle volume, wide along the entire length, deep. The depth and length of muzzle are approximately equal. Distance from nose to the transition from forehead to muzzle shorter than the distance from the transition from forehead to muzzle to occiput. Bridge of the nose is rounded and the profile looks like a straight or slightly convex. Teeth meet in a scissor or level bite. Nonlinear arrangement of the lower incisors in normal occlusion is not a fault of the skeleton and should be considered only a minor deviation from the standard.
Neck, Topline, Body. The neck is strong, sturdy, medium-length, high set. The back is strong, broad, muscular and straight from the withers to the croup. Chest broad and deep, going down, at least to the elbows. Convex edges, the front third of the rib cage tapered to freewheel elbows. Boca deep. The croup is broad and slightly sloping. Tail continues the line of the croup. At the base of a thick and strong. Do not bend to one side, the last vertebrae of the tail reach the hock. At rest the tail is down and slightly curled at the end. When excited or in motion the tail rises, but not curled over the back
Two Gorgeous Newfoundland dogs lying on the kitchen floor
Forequarters. Scapula muscular and sloping. Elbows are directly below the uppermost point of the withers. Forelimbs muscular, with massive bone structure, straight lines parallel to each other, elbows point straight back. Distance from elbow to ground is approximately equal to half the height at the withers. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. Paws in size proportional to the body, webbed, round, “cat”. Fifth fingers may be removed.
Hindquarters Powerful, muscular, with massive bone. When viewed from the rear limbs are straight and parallel to each other. When viewed from the side of the hips are wide and long enough. Angulation of knee and hock well angulated, hocks low omitted sent back. Metatarsus steep. Hind legs are the same as the front. Dewclaws removed.
Coat is smooth, waterproof, has a tendency to fall into place, even if your dog rub the wrong way. The top coat is coarse, moderately long and thick, straight or slightly wavy. The undercoat is soft and dense, although it may be less thick in the hot season or in warmer climates. The hair on the front of the head and muzzle is short and thin. On the back of the legs thick and long hair along the entire length. Tail covered with long,
thick hair. Excessively long hair can be trimmed for neatness. Mustaches should not be trimmed.
Coat color for a secondary examination after the Constitution and the exterior.
Recognizes the following colors: black, brown, gray and white and black, or Landseer.
Solid colors. Black, brown and gray can be either solid or with white spots (one, several or all of the above) at the following locations: chin, chest, toes and tail tip.
Any white spots, which are located in these locations are typical and not considered a disadvantage.
Allowed various shades of brown to black or gray color and tow a lighter shade of brown or gray in color.
Landseer (white and black color). The main color is white with black spots. Usually head solid black or black with white face – with a blaze or without. Black saddle and black spot on the rump, continued on the white tail.
Spots on solid colors or Landseer may differ materially from those described and are the only deviation from the standard. Preferred to pure white or white with a minimum of a crane.
Beauty marks and stains should be judged only in comparison with dogs of comparable quality and in any case not at the expense of the Constitution and the exterior.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: Any color or combination of colors that are not described in this standard